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  MATTHEW 9

 

THE HEALING OF THE

KING

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9:1-8

"So He got into a boat, crossed over, and came to His own city. Then behold, they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. When Jesus saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, 'Son, be of good cheer; your sins are forgiven you.' And at once some of the scribes said within themselves, 'This Man blasphemes!' But Jesus, knowing their thoughts, said, 'Why do you think evil in your hearts? For which is easier, to say, "Your sins are forgiven you," or to say, "Arise and walk"? But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins'\then He said to the paralytic, 'Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.' And he arose and departed to his house. Now when the multitudes saw it, they [NU reads were afraid] marveled and glorified God, who had given such power to men."

9:9

"As Jesus passed on from there, He saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax office. And He said to him, 'Follow Me.' So he arose and followed Him."

9:10-13

"Now it happened, as Jesus sat at the table in the house, that behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and sat down with Him and His disciples. And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to His disciples, 'Why does your Teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?' When Jesus heard that, He said to them, 'Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.  But go and learn what this means: "I desire mercy and not sacrifice." For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners [NU omits to repentance].'"

9:14-17

"Then the disciples of John came to Him, saying, 'Why do we and the Pharisees fast [NU brackets often as disputed], but Your disciples do not fast?' And Jesus said to them, 'Can the friends of the bridegroom mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then they will fast. No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment; for the patch pulls away from the garment, and the tear is made worse. Nor do they put new wine into old wineskins, or else the wineskins break, the wine is spilled, and the wineskins are ruined. But they put new wine into new wineskins, and both are preserved.'"

Fasting was a yearly obligation under the Law on the Great Day of Atonement. It was obligatory and a sign of mourning for sins one had committed.

By the time of Christ, the Pharisees, by their traditions, had added considerably to the Law of fasting. They fasted weekly in order to show how spiritual they were (52 times more than the Law required!).

When considering Jesusf words in the Gospels on this subject, we need to keep in mind that, at the time, he was a man under the Law speaking to a people under the Law. And, when he spoke here in Matthew of fasting as being like someone who puts gnew wine into old wineskinsh ... he was thinking of the New Covenant which he would shortly institute with his own blood on the cross. After that, the new wine of the Age of Grace would not be compatible with being housed in the old wineskin of the Law.

Now, as to specific scriptures in the New Testament that mention fasting, there are several things that we need to keep in mind...

     First, keep in mind that Acts is a transitional book that records the history of the Church learning to adjust from Law to Grace. It is a history which faithfully tells us what happened and who said what. It is not a doctrinal book. It is a history book. We should take special care not to build doctrine on the book of Acts. We should primarily build our doctrine from the doctrinal books not the historical books.

    Second, it is important to note that fasting is never discussed or prescribed for believers in the doctrinal books of the New Testament.
I Corinthians 7:5, is often quoted as proof that fasting is prescribed for saints during this Age of Grace. That passage says that abstinence from sex in marriage should only occur for brief periods of time for purposes of prayer. Although your Bible may also add gfastingh there c in the original Greek text the word gfastingh is not even there. It was added later by some well meaning person who was zealous for fasting but, apparently, not too concerned about tampering with the Word of God.

    Third, when fasting is mentioned in other passages in the New Testament, keep in mind that the word gfastingh often has a broader meaning than just ghaving no foodh or ghaving no waterh (2 Cor 6:5; 11:27).

    Fourth, let me say that I have no problem with anyone who incorporates fasting as a spiritual exercise in their own walk with Christ. Same goes for tithing. We are not to judge one another. Each of us will give an account to our Master and no one else. I only have a problem when a brother or sister insists that their particular practice or walk should be made obligatory for everyone else in the body of Christ.

Now, the reason that I personally do not practice fasting is because of Jesusf words here in Jesus' comments about it recorded here in Matthew. He told the Pharisees that his disciples could not fast as long as the Bridegroom was with them. The days are coming, he said, when they will fast when the Bridegroom is taken from them.
I see the days to which he was referring as the time when Jesus was in the grave and then, subsequently, off and on as he was absent from his desciples until he gave them his Spirit as recorded in Acts 2. During those brief periods of time, the Bridegroom was truly not with them and thus it was an appropriate time for mourning and fasting. But, when our Lord came to dwell in each believer by his Spirit (1 Cor 12:13; Eph 1:13-14), the days of mourning and fasting were over forever. Can one fast when the Bridegroom is both with them and in them? I think not.

Luke 5:39, adds,

And no one, having drunk old wine, immediately [NU omits immediately] desires new; for he says, eThe old is better [NU changes better to good].'h

One last thought here, Jesus' words about how men prefer the old to the new is a truism of human nature. If you think not, just try to change something in your church that people have been doing for a long time. I tried leaving the bulletin out one Sunday at a church I once pastored. I was looking for more spontaneity and freedom of worship. But, it created a firestorm! Fasting was a part of life in Old Testament economy and Law. To drop its practice has been no small undertaking.

9:18-26

"While He spoke these things to them, behold, a ruler came and worshiped Him, saying, 'My daughter has just died, but come and lay Your hand on her and she will live.' So Jesus arose and followed him, and so did His disciples. And suddenly, a woman who had a flow of blood for twelve years came from behind and touched the hem of His garment. For she said to herself, 'If only I may touch His garment, I shall be made well.' But Jesus turned around, and when He saw her He said, 'Be of good cheer, daughter; your faith has made you well.' And the woman was made well from that hour. When Jesus came into the rulerfs house, and saw the flute players and the noisy crowd wailing, He said to them, 'Make room, for the girl is not dead, but sleeping.' And they ridiculed Him. But when the crowd was put outside, He went in and took her by the hand, and the girl arose. And the report of this went out into all that land."

9:27-31

"When Jesus departed from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out and saying, 'Son of David, have mercy on us!'
And when He had come into the house, the blind men came to Him. And Jesus said to them, 'Do you believe that I am able to do this?' They said to Him, 'Yes, Lord.' Then He touched their eyes, saying, 'According to your faith let it be to you.' And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, 'See that no one knows it.' But when they had departed, they spread the news about Him in all that country."

9:32-34

"As they went out, behold, they brought to Him a man, mute and demon-possessed. And when the demon was cast out, the mute spoke. And the multitudes marveled, saying, 'It was never seen like this in Israel!' But the Pharisees said, 'He casts out demons by the ruler of the demons.'" 

9:35-38

"Then Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease [NU omits among the people]. But when He saw the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary [NU reads harassed] and scattered, like sheep having no shepherd. Then He said to His disciples, 'The harvest truly is plentiful, but the laborers are few. Therefore pray the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest.'"

 

Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


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